Go, also known as Golang, is a statically typed, compiled programming language designed at Google. It aims to be simple, efficient, and reliable. Go's syntax is concise and expressive, making it easy to write clear and maintainable code. It includes features such as garbage collection, concurrency support through goroutines and channels, built-in testing, and a rich standard library. Go's compilation process produces standalone executable binaries with no external dependencies, making it easy to deploy and distribute Go programs across different platforms. Go is widely used for building web servers, command-line tools, distributed systems, network services, and cloud-native applications. It is favored by developers for its performance, simplicity, and built-in support for concurrency. Go is used by companies such as Google, Uber, Dropbox, and Docker to power their backend infrastructure and services.